Foals should be checked for dental malformations such as parrot mouth, wry mouth, or sow mouth.
Two - four and a half year olds may have wolf teeth, caps and very sharp enamel points. They may not require a float but should be checked to ensure that all caps have shed on time and none are retained. Very commonly caps are shed and found in the young horse's feed or water bucket and is not a cause for concern.
Non-riding horses, such as broodmares or retired horses, have different dental requirements than performance horses.
Geldings and stallions have four "canine" teeth (not to be confused with "wolf" teeth) that are on the bars of the mouth and need to be reduced. They can interfere with the bit if improperly fitted.
Geriatric/aged horses should be checked for loose teeth, missing teeth, abscesses, decayed teeth, sharp points, irregular wear, tumors.
Often, geriatric horses do not need to be floated every year and are in more of a holding pattern since they are no longer erupting new tooth to be worn away.
Some breeds come with their own set of dental issues and concerns.
For example, miniature horses, draft types, and Arabians.
Performance horses may need to be on a more frequent examination schedule. Comfort in the bridle can be maximized by installing bit seats and ensuring proper fit of bits and tack. We still only recommend an annual floating schedule unless there is a problem.